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Reproductive Toxicity

Toxicity of the male or female reproductive system. Toxic effects may include damage to the reproductive organs or offspring.

Reproductive Toxin

A reproductive toxin is a substance or agent that can cause adverse effects on the reproductive system. Exposure to reproductive toxins may cause one to become infertile or to have difficulty conceiving a child. Reproductive toxins may affect the parent, developing child (even after birth), or both.

Respiratory Toxicity

Toxicity of the upper (nose, pharynx, larynx, and trachea) or lower (bronchi, bronchioles, and lung alveoli) respiratory system.


The probability that a hazard or effect will occur at a specific level of exposure.


REACH stands for Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals. It entered into force on 1 June 2007. REACH is a regulation of the European Union, adopted to improve the protection of human health and the environment from the risks that can be posed by all chemicals marketed in the EU as substances, in articles or in preparations. To comply with REACH, companies must identify and manage the risks linked to the substances they manufacture and market in the EU. Manufacturers have to demonstrate to ECHA how the substance can be safely used, and they must communicate the risk management measures to the users of the substances, articles and preparations containing chemicals.


RAPEX is a Rapid Alert System that lists specific consumer products sold in EU-member countries that have been determined by national authorities to pose serious health and safety risks for consumers. The reasons for listing products are also documented by this system. RAPEX applies to all consumer products except for foods, pharmaceuticals and medical devices.

Risk Phrases (R-)

Risk Phrases, denoted as a series of numbers preceded by the letter "R" indicate the nature of the special risks, in accordance with Annex III to Directive 67/548/EEC (see Article 23(2)(d) Directive 67/548/EEC). The numbers are separated by either a comma to denote separate statements concerning special risks, or an oblique stroke (/) to denote a combined statement, in a single sentence, of the special risks.